This post shows you one simple way of varying your language of comparison in task 1 reports. This matters because in task 1 you very often need to make comparisons and it is no good if you use the same words and structures all the time as your grammar is marked not only for accuracy, but also for range.
The approach I take here is to think about using different words and different word forms in describing a table.
Look at this table and decide what the major comparisons and contrasts are . These will be the main points that you need to make in your report. The tip is to divide and conquer by looking at columns and rows.
Ask the right questions
One tip is to ask yourself questions about what you see in the table. Try this simple quiz:
Looking at the columns and rows I see three major comparisons that must be included:
- the younger boys played more sport (the columns)
- some sports were more popular than others (the rows)
- the same sports were equally popular in both age groups (the rows and the columns)
Any answer that does not highlight these points would be marked down on task achievement, so it is worthwhile spending time on this analysis.
Vary your comparison words
The next stage is to write the report. The trap here is to use the same language all the time, something it is very easy for you to do if you are not careful. Don’t worry though, you don’t need lots of new words. You just need to use the words you already have, but more flexibly. The keys are:
- use different comparing words
- use different comparing structures
To show you what I mean, here are a few variations for you to consider. I’m going to choose In each case I suggest one word and show you how it can be used in different ways. The point is that if you change the form of the word, you change your gramamtical structure and that is a good thing.
Tip: think about changing nouns to verbs or nouns to adjectives
This is probably the first word you’ll want to use. Note how it can be used both as a verb and as a noun and see also the different prepositions it uses.
This is the next most important word. Here I have just shown you the noun forms, but you should note that in each case you end up using a different grammatical structure.
This is a handy alternative: a simple word that is very effective when making comparisons. Here the main variations are between the noun “difference” and the adjective “different”.
This is another very useful alternative with a noun and verb form that can be used for comparisons sometimes. It is mostly used of course when there is a time element to the diagram, but it can also be used in other cases too.
Write the report
Now of course you need to write report. Try writing it for yourself and then comparing it with my effort which you can find as a comment below. You can also try this exercise to test your comparison language: