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IELTS unemployment essay

Read the IELTS unemployment essay

Unemployment is one of the most serious problems facing developed nations today. What are the advantages and/or disadvantages of reducing the working week to thirty five hours?

It is unquestionable that rising unemployment is one of the most pressing issues in the industrial world. One solution that has been put forward is to cut the working week to a maximum of 35 hours. However, in my view this solution is rather controversial and other solutions need to be found.

It is fairly easy to understand the reasons why this proposal has been made. The reasoning is that if workers are not allowed to work for more than 35 hours weekly, then employers will be forced to engage more staff. There would be at least two advantages to this. Not only would unemployment be reduced, but the working conditions of employees on very long shifts would also be significantly improved. For example, a factory employing 300 manual workers doing 10 hours a day might employ 450 workers.

There is also, however, a strong argument not to implement this proposal. This argument is based on economic competitiveness. If a company was forced to employ more workers to produce the same amount of goods, then its wage bill would rise and its products might become more expensive and less competitive compared to companies with longer working weeks. In this case, it is possible that the company either might become insolvent or it would have to make some employees redundant. As a result, the intended benefit to the personnel would not happen.

In summary, we can see that this is clearly a complex issue as there are significant advantages and disadvantages to the proposal. My own personal view is that it would be better not to introduce the shortened working week because it works only in theory and not in practice.

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13 Responses to IELTS unemployment essay

  1. sugianto March 5, 2010 at 6:52 pm #

    If a company was forced to employ more workers to produce the same amount of goods, then its wage bill would rise and its products might become more expensive and less competitive compared to companies with longer working weeks

    Is it better to say : if the company were……
    in unreal present conditional singular subject must use were

    • Dominic Cole November 14, 2010 at 6:01 pm #

      Ask 10 different teachers and you get 10 different opinions. In current usage, however, I would suggest that either “was” or “were” would be equally acceptable here.

  2. Shooky July 18, 2011 at 9:28 am #

    Dear Dominic,

    This easy has answered the question in a straightforward way. easy to understand.
    It’s a good example for us, especially the way you present the pro and con arguements.


  3. tincy August 13, 2011 at 3:18 pm #

    sir,u r a good teacher

  4. zeeshan April 1, 2012 at 1:06 pm #

    Hi Dominic,

    First of all, let me thank you for your great essay, secondly, I would like to ask a question about personal opinion in this essay. My understanding is that this essay belongs to Argument/ Advantage or Disadvantage type, the questioner does not ask for opinion but you have given your opinion in the introduction as well as in conclusion. Please could you kindly clarify me, that it is OK. I shall be very thankful.


    • Dominic Cole July 11, 2012 at 4:04 am #


      A super late response I know but better late than never I suppose. My answer would be that in general terms that I think that it can be a mistake to over-categorise different types and essays and say that this type of essay requires this type of answer and that one a different one.

      In this instance, I would say that an advantage/disadvantage essay still requires you to give an opinion. It is only that the opinion that you provide is what you think are the advantages and disadvantages. Indeed, thought about like this almost any IELTS essay requires you to give an opinion/state a position and these should normally be clearly outlined in your intor and conclusion.

    • Tatiana February 24, 2014 at 8:05 pm #

      Dear Dominic,
      Thank you very much for your explanations how to write essays and also for your perfect examples. Your site really helps me in preparation to my exam!
      Best wishes,

  5. Hamza Zia February 20, 2013 at 8:50 pm #

    Respected sir,
    Don’t you think that I shouldn’t put my opinion in this essay,because they didn’t ask me (do you agree or disagree) ??

  6. Hasan April 18, 2014 at 12:08 pm #

    Hi Dominic,
    I have been reading your suggestion for a month and keep practicing as you suggested. Your expertise have left no room for weaknesses if we keep practicing accordingly. I have my IELTS exam next week. it will be highly appreciated if you comment on the essay I have written below.

    In many countries today there are many highly qualified graduates without employment. What factors may have caused this situation and what, in your opinion, can/should be done about it?

    “Unemployment with advanced degrees is one of the major problems across the world. In this essay, I am going to examine this situation and propose suggestions for the authorities to deal with it.
    These situations are heavily seen in third world countries. There are various reasons that many postgraduates are still unemployed. My personal view is that most of the qualified graduates do not find their sector in their country, as the companies still work on traditional grounds. Sole proprietorship can be an example of this in which there is no room for expansion and a single person holds all the powers.
    Another problem is that universities designed their curriculum on anticipation. They tell students what jobs do the market demands. But the industry of those jobs is too small and is already satisfied. Evidence of this is provided in early 2000 in our country, that a foreign graduate started a campaign operation badar. He started teaching IT education in every area of the country. But later the number of students rose to such a level where there would no room left for new vacancies.
    There is almost certainly no one solution to this complex issue. However, one is that the governments should address this problem on sincere grounds. They ought to analyze the problem and take necessary actions. Welcoming foreign investment is another good initiative in dealing this issue.
    This is a complex issue with no clear answers as there is no best way defined to tackle it. However, if this issue is addressed on serious agendas by both educational institutions and authorities we can hope that it will be resolve in a short span of time.”

  7. Federica December 12, 2014 at 2:35 am #

    It would be great if someone can comment on my take on this essay question so I know how to improve and get band 8.0.

    It is unquestionable that unemployment is one of the most serious issues in the industrial world. One suggestion that has been put forward is to cut the working hours of full time employees to 35 hours per week, in lieu of the traditional 40 hours. Although it seems straightforward to execute, its impacts often lead to the debate whether it is the most suitable solution.

    It is fairly easy to understand why this proposal is agreed by some parties by examining two of its main advantages. Firstly, its immediate result is encouraging work places to employ more staffs to fill in for the lost of 5 hours per week per employee after the cut. This relationship implies that the level of unemployment might be reduced quite significantly if a large proportion of employers took this idea of board. In addition, the second advantage of this arrangement is that it may help increase job satisfaction especially for the case of those with a rather mundane job, such as data entry. Reducing their working hours then, increase their productivity and quality of work.

    There are also two strong arguments why this might not be the holy grail solution. The first is that managing more employees can be immensely more challenging. Companies must strengthen their internal controls to avoid fraudulent activities. This can be illustrated by how multidivisional companies are willing to pay a large amount of funds to ensure data security. The second reason why this may create a problem is because the increase in the number of employees directly results in a greater internal competition. Often, competitions relate to dishonesty and disruption of harmony in work places.

    In summary, it is evident that this method is controversial as it entails notable advantages and disadvantages, which needs to be analysed more carefully by each company considering it.

  8. DraGon September 18, 2015 at 6:45 am #

    In recent years joblessness has been increasing gradually.we can see this situation happen in majority of countries. In this essay I will discuss the reasons for this rise and consider what practical solution are available..

  9. arathy July 29, 2016 at 6:02 pm #

    thank you for all these essays,,,ur essays are truely great,and informative…


  1. Sample IELTS Essay Questions | Dominic Coles IELTS Blog - November 24, 2010

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