Top Tips for IELTS


Today’s word of the day is



This is clearly a must have word for all IELTS candidates. It is a crucial skill in both task 1 writing to be able to add a summary. The forms of the word you most need are:

  • summary (this is normally a noun, but is also sometimes used as an adjective)
  • summarise (this can also be spelled summarize)

Is there a difference between  summary and a conclusion?

The two may look similar, but they are slightly different. A summary is really a list of the main points in a piece of writing or speaking. It normally comes at the end, but it can sometimes come at the start too – indeed this is often the case in true academic writing. It contains nothing that isn’t in the content. This is what you need for IELTS task 1.

A conclusion comes at the end of an essay/paper. It also often includes an analysis of the main points of the writing. One way to think of it is that a conclusion is a separate part of the writing where the writer/speaker gives his final opinion. This is what you need for IELTS task 2.

Using the word

A common, if formal, use is to give a brief statement of your ideas:

In summary, it can be seen that more men than women take part in competitive sport in the United Kingdom. (note the comma)

Although this is only a brief summary of a very complex area.

To summarise, we can see that most females in higher education managed to find a job.

In more academic writing, the words are frequently used to summarise information, evidence and findings, e.g.

It is difficult to provide an accurate summary of the evidence.




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