Today’s word of the day is
This is clearly a must have word for all IELTS candidates. It is a crucial skill in both task 1 writing to be able to add a summary. The forms of the word you most need are:
- summary (this is normally a noun, but is also sometimes used as an adjective)
- summarise (this can also be spelled summarize)
Is there a difference between summary and a conclusion?
The two may look similar, but they are slightly different. A summary is really a list of the main points in a piece of writing or speaking. It normally comes at the end, but it can sometimes come at the start too – indeed this is often the case in true academic writing. It contains nothing that isn’t in the content. This is what you need for IELTS task 1.
A conclusion comes at the end of an essay/paper. It also often includes an analysis of the main points of the writing. One way to think of it is that a conclusion is a separate part of the writing where the writer/speaker gives his final opinion. This is what you need for IELTS task 2.
Using the word
A common, if formal, use is to give a brief statement of your ideas:
In summary, it can be seen that more men than women take part in competitive sport in the United Kingdom. (note the comma)
Although this is only a brief summary of a very complex area.
To summarise, we can see that most females in higher education managed to find a job.
In more academic writing, the words are frequently used to summarise information, evidence and findings, e.g.
It is difficult to provide an accurate summary of the evidence.