Top Tips for IELTS

Essay conclusions


Golden rules

  1. make sure you answer the question
  2. either summarise or restate your position
  3. do not use new information
  4. aim for 2/3 sentences


  1. Make sure you answer the question as it is asked. For example, if the question asks you “to what extent”, make sure your conclusion says how much you agree.
  2. Balance your introduction and conclusion – using the sandwich technique
  3. Vary your vocabulary: do not repeat the language of your introduction or the question word for word
  4. Do not try and include too much information: state your position and choose your best argument for or against. Do not try and summarise all your arguments.


Here is a selection of some useful vocabulary for writing conclusions 

conclusion vocabulary

Sample conclusions


Even though globalization affects the world’s economies in a positive way, its negative side should not be forgotten. Discuss

My view is that the advantages of globalization outweigh any possible disadvantages. This is particularly true for countries in the developing world which now have new markets for their natural resources. I also believe that this benefit will become clearer as we move into the 21st century.


Some people think that paying taxes is enough to contribute to society. Others argue that being a citizen involves more responsibilities. Discuss?

As we have seen, citizenship is a complex issue and it certainly involves a wide variety of duties. Indeed, my personal view is that paying tax is not even the most significant responsibility that citizens have. I would argue that it is more important to care for those in your immediate community.

Migrant workers

Some people working abroad bring their family for a period of time. Do you think it has more advantages or disadvantages?

This is clearly an important issue and there is no easy answer. My personal conclusion is that each case should be judged on its own merits and individuals need to make their own choices. For some migrant workers there are very clear benefits in having their family around them, for others this would only create more problems.

Compulsory Education

Everyone should stay in school until the age of eighteen. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

In conclusion, there are certainly good arguments to be made in favour of compulsory education until the age of 18. However, I believe that most 16 year olds are able to make informed decisions about their career and so they should be allowed to leave school at that age.

Maternity leave

Mothers generally stay home to take care of their children after pregnancy. Do you support the opinion that these mothers should be compensated by the government?

In summary, I firmly believe that in the 21st century women on maternity leave should receive benefits from the government. the only question to be resolved is for how long those benefits should last. That will depend on the policies in individual countries.


A few languages are increasingly being spoken in different countries, while the usage of others is rapidly declining. Is this a positive or a negative development?

Finally, it is not easy to say whether this globalization of language is for the best, since so much depends on the point of view. However, what is clear is that in the future more and more people will be speaking a fewer number of languages unless action is taken.


To practise your essay conclusions, I suggest you visit my sample essay question page and try writing some conclusions based on my samples:

essay questions

2 Responses to Essay conclusions

  1. Gracie April 10, 2017 at 10:19 am #

    Hi Dominic,
    Can you replace a new link to download your Conclusion Vocabulary file because the old link died? Thank you so much.


  1. IELTS essays – conclusions (1) | Dominic Coles IELTS Blog - November 22, 2010

    […] It is important to practise this before the exam, as very often when you get to write the conclusion you are short of time.  With a little practice, you should be able to write the conclusion more quickly – letting you spend more time on the content paragraphs of the essay. To help you do this, you will find practice suggestions and sample conclusions on my conclusions page. […]

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