One very common topic in IELTS writing and speaking is change. Very frequently you are asked to discuss
what has changed from the past
what changes you think will occur in the future
what change you think should be made
To do this well, you need a variety of ways to discuss change and his lesson helps you out with some words and phrases to do just this.
Basic variations from the Academic Word List – word forms
The AWL has several words that can help here. Try looking at the lessons on these words and trying these exercises. The idea is that it is not enough to know one word, you want to be able to use all the words in that family.
Types of change
All the following phrases can be used to talk/write about big changes
Beyond all recognition
Educational systems have changed beyond all recognition in the last 20 years.
The nature of communication has changed dramatically with the advent of computer technology.
Smart phones have revolutionised the way we use the internet as we are now no longer reliant on computers.
In recent years there has been a radical shift in the way people think about the environment.
Science, and genetical modified crops in particular, have transformed farming practice.
These phrases show smaller changes.
a slight shift
There has been a slight shift in attitudes towards immigration and more people are now willing to accept that it can help the economy.
a minor adjustment
There is no need to completely change the way our children are educated, the curriculum only need a minor adjustment.
Speed of change
rate/pace of change
Not everyone is happy with this rate of change and many would prefer that there were fewer new developments built in town centres.
an overnight change
It is unrealistic to expect this change to occur overnight as first of all attitudes towards air travel need to change.
slow but steady/slowly but steadily
Slowly but steadily more and more people are doing their shopping in out of town supermarkets and this is changing town centres.
a gradual process
This change has been evolutionary and a gradual process as it has taken people some time to get used to the idea of shopping online.