Top Tips for IELTS

Cause and effect – key IELTS vocabulary

The language of cause and effect is critical to IELTS – both in writing and speaking. The reason for this is that it helps answers the question “Why?” and allows you to give an extended and coherent answer. This post gives you some basic variations to try.

Test yourself

Before you start, try this quick quiz to see what you know. Can you find the common learner mistakes?

Because

Obviously the word you will use most is “because” but there are some useful variations.

notes

  1. “because” , ‘as a result”and “as a consequence” are used with a verb and “because of”,”as a result of” and “as a consequence of” with a noun
  2. some people believe you shouldn’t start sentences with “because”. This is rubbish but in the exam it may be sensible not to do it
  3. “due to” is normally used with negative situations and “thanks to with “positive situations”

Cause verbs

A useful variation is to use “because” as a verb. Here are the 3 main variations

notes

  1. you cause something to happen but it results in something happening

Other related verbs

These verbs can also sometimes be used to describe cause and effect

notes

  1. please note the spelling of “affect” as a verb and do not confuse it with “effect” the noun. Just to confuse you, the pronunciation is identical

Nouns

The essential nouns are of course “cause” and “effect’ but there are alternatives here;

notes

  1. you talk about the cause of something but the reason for it

Test yourself again

To see whether you can use this language correctly, I suggest you try these two quick exercises:

Get more useful IELTS grammar exercises

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12 Responses to Cause and effect – key IELTS vocabulary

  1. iqbal anwar June 17, 2011 at 11:19 am #

    your website is very helpful.

  2. nusaibah December 6, 2011 at 2:06 am #

    thank u so much ..:)

  3. Dung December 22, 2011 at 2:38 pm #

    Is is ” account for” is a verb of cause?

  4. kamina January 28, 2012 at 1:07 pm #

    your website is very helpful to me to improve my essay. if you could post more cause and effect essay that will be great.

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  5. linh April 22, 2012 at 3:48 am #

    thanks …..

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  7. freezee November 24, 2014 at 12:04 am #

    Thanks for sharing!

  8. param December 14, 2014 at 3:52 pm #

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  9. Algra April 30, 2015 at 1:35 pm #

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  10. kyoungja June 28, 2015 at 5:57 am #

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  11. shetty July 21, 2016 at 12:03 pm #

    when it comes to evaluation the standard is same for british counsil and IDP ..i heard from few of my friends that in IDP scoring is difficult where in british counsil you can get better score. please confirm whether this is just a assumption or rating standard is different in both

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