This lesson reminds you of some tips on the True False Not Given question type in IELTS reading. There are two main points to focus on when you are answering the question: firstly, to think about meaning and not just words, and secondly to focus on the question as much as the text itself. There is also an interactive quiz at the bottom for you to test your skills.
Tip one – Underline the part of the text that shows the answer
A forgotten reading skill is to learning how to read intensively when you are looking for the answer itself. Forget “key words” – they only show where to find the answer. Once you have found the right part of the text, read very carefully – you want to find something that says:
- This agrees with the information in the question – True
- This contradicts the informnation in the question – False
Do NOT read generally at this point. You want to find something you can underline. If you cannot find anything specific that you can underline, then the answer is likely to be Not Given.
Tip two – refer back to the whole question and think about its meaning
IELTS reading is designed how well you understand reading passages. This means you always want to focus on meaning when you are looking for the answer. Once you have found the right part of the text, forget key words. It’s quite possible to find words in the text that match words in the question, but the overall meaning is quite different.
- Go back to the question and re-read it carefully – focus on the little words too (some, never, generally etc), these can change the meanings of questions dramatically. Ask yourself if you are looking for something absolutely true or something that is qualified in some ay.
- Re-read the text. Does it mean the same as the question? Make sure you check the text and question against each other – that they mean the same thing.
Some practice questions
The majority of professional players on the ATP and the WTA tours now use polyester strings made by Luxilon, a company that specialised in the past in manufacturing fibres for female undergarments. The trend was started by the then little-known Brazilian player Gustavo Kuerten who more or less by chance discovered that this string was almost completely “dead” – meaning that the players are able to swing much harder at the ball and impart much more spin on it without it flying off uncontrollably as it would do with a traditional gut string. Kuerten of course went on to achieve much success and, in the clay court game at least, is regarded as one of the modern greats. His most lasting legacy though may not be his titles, rather it may be that his use of a material primarily made for women’s bras allowed him and successive champions to change how the tennis ball flew. Players were able to find completely new angles on the court because, in the hands of a master, a shot hit with a luxilon string that might look as if it were heading way out of court would suddenly drop like a stone, describing an almost perfect parabola. This technological innovation has revolutionised the way in which the game is now played. For example, Roger Federer, a man who many regard as the greatest player of all time, may have begun his career as an attacking all-court player, but in latter years he has been forced become a much more defensively orientated player who chooses his time to attack more carefully. Indeed, he is on record as saying that new string technology has changed the face of the game and that he has had to adapt his game to counter players who stand behind the baseline and produce winning shots from almost nowhere.
True/False/Not Given - Luxilon