This lesson helps you out with a very common mistake in task 1 writing.
See what you know
This is a test where you really do need 100%.
Recognise adjectives and adverbs
To get this grammar right the first step is to recognise what are adjectives and adverbs. For task 1 IELTS it is probably enough to see that the adverbs you need are -ly words. This is a list of common adjectives and adverbs. In each case the first word is the adjective and the second the adverb>
dramatic – dramatically
significant – significantly
sharp – sharply
slight – slightly
steady – steadily
Don’t be confused by nouns and verbs
Another way you may go wrong is to confuse verbs and nouns. Why? A lot of the words you need in task 1 are both verbs and nouns without changing form apart from -s -ed -ing. These are the problem words. In each case the verb and noun looks the same:
increase – increase
decrease – decrease
rise – rise
Seeing the patterns
One way to get this right is to learn some common patterns. Here are the three most common.
1.adjective + noun
One common pattern you need is adjective noun. Take a look at this example:
There was a significant increase in the amount of coffee sold.
Significant is the adjective and increase is the noun
2. verb + adverb
A second common pattern is verb-adverb. The example is:
The amount of tea sold fell slightly in 2002
fell is the verb and slightly is the adverb
3. noun + to be/remain + adjective
This pattern is slightly different and can cause problems. It may look as if you want an adverb, but when we use to be or a verb like to remain we need an adjective.
The price remained steady at £200.
Top tip – learn to vary you language – don’t just use one pattern
Another way this language sometimes goes wrong is that students use only one pattern all the time. You need/want to vary your grammar and it can help to see that if you can use both adverbs and adjectives you have two ways of saying the same thing.
This exercise shows you how to do this using
There was a adjective + noun