IELTS traffic essay

This is one of my model IELTS essays lessons where you can

  • read the essay
  • do a vocabulary exercise
  • get a full lesson on how to write the essay

Read the IELTS  traffic essay

In cities and towns all over the world the high volume of traffic is a problem. What are the causes of this and what actions can be taken to solve this problem?

It is undoubtedly the case that urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from congestion. In this essay, I examine the reasons for this trend and suggest some practical policies the authorities could implement to reduce the level of traffic in our cities.

The first step is to understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this. One is that cars have become more affordable for the average consumer and they are no longer a luxury item, but something that most families expect to own. A second reason is that public transport has become increasingly unreliable in recent years, not least because many bus and train services have been reduced because of the difficulty in funding them. The third reason is that society has in general become more mobile and this means more people are prepared to commute to work by car than they were before.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes. However, one option has to be to improve the reliability of public transport to encourage people to take the bus or the train rather than get in the car. It would also be possible to discourage people from driving to work by introducing special tariffs for using the roads, especially during peak periods. A successful example of this is the congestion charge scheme in London which has certainly reduced the level of trafficin inner-city areas.

In conclusion, there are a variety of different factors that have led to rising levels of traffic in urban areas. While it may not be possible to find a complete solution, any action should probably involve encouraging greater use of public transport and making it more expensive for the motorist to drive in urban areas.

Practise using the essay language

Do a lesson to help you write it

Get the lesson

In this lesson you will find guidance on:

  • structuring the essay so that you answer the question fully
  • getting ideas for the essay
  • organising your paragraphs
  • choosing the right vocabulary

There are also two vocabulary exercises to help you write the essay yourself.

Getting the essay question right

In cities and towns all over the world the high volume of traffic is a problem. What are the causes of this and what actions can be taken to solve this problem?

This is a “double question” question. The one point to focus on here is to make sure that you answer both halves of the question throughout the essay. This means that you want to identify both halves of the question in your introduction and your conclusion.

Essay structure

With this type of essay question with a double question, the natural structure is to deal with each question in a content separate paragraph – dealing with the causes and the policies separately. It is often quite hard to summarise your position quickly in relation to two question and so it can make sense to just say that you are going to discuss the questions in the introduction as opposed to stating your position to both of them. You do want to make sure, however, that your conclusion does summarise your main points.

A key tip here is to make sure that you use the introduction, topic sentences and the conclusion to form the spine of your essay. Just reading those should be enough to tell the reader what it is about.

Introduction

Here you can see the situation behind the question/the topic is identified in red. While in the next sentence, it is clear that the essay is going to look at both the causes of and solutions to this problem (blue and green)

It is undoubtedly the case that urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from congestion. In this essay, I examine the reasons for this trend and suggest some practical policies the authorities could implement to reduce the level of traffic in our cities.

Content 1

The first two sentences clearly link back to the introduction and outline what the paragraph is going to be about. Here I  choose to use two quick and short sentences, rather than one long one. Clarity is the main goal here.

The first step is to understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this.

Content 2

Again, I use a quick short sentence to start that clearly links back to the introduction. The goal is to make my structure clear, I don’t worry about introducing details of my argument in my first sentence.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes.

Conclusion

My conclusion is split into two halves to make sure I answer both halves of the question. It also borrows some language from the introduction to improve coherence. I choose to add more detail about the solutions as this neatly links back to the second of my topic paragraphs.

In conclusion, there are a variety of different factors that have led to rising levels of traffic in urban areas. While it may not be possible to find a complete solution, any action should probably involve encouraging greater use of public transport and making it more expensive for the motorist to drive in urban areas.

Ideas for the essay

Here are some possible ideas for the essay. You should note that I have not used all these ideas in my own essay. The idea is to select those ideas that work best for you – meaning those that you can expand with reasons and examples. A top tip is NOT to include ALL your ideas.

More cars

  • cars are more affordable than ever before
  • cars have become a status symbol
  • people need cars to commute to work
  • people do not share car journeys
  • improved road networks make it easier to travel
  • many families now own two cars (both husband and wife work)
  • public transport is inconvenient
  • public transport is unavailable in some areas

Solutions

  • improve public transport by adding more bus routes
  • give incentives to drivers to share journeys
  • add more cycle routes
  • put tariffs on using roads in peak periods
  • advertising campaigns to highlight negatives of using cars
  • have more pedestrianised areas in towns to prevent cars from entering them

Structuring your paragraphs when you have more than one idea

When you have a number of different ideas to include in one paragraph, you probably want to choose a “listing paragraph” structure. The way to do this is simply to start your paragraph by saying that it will include a number of related points. This way it is clear to the examiner what you are saying. So in this example it is clear that I have three things to say about why traffic has increased in cities.

The first step is to understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this. One is that cars have become more affordable for the average consumer and they are no longer a luxury item, but something that most families expect to own. A second reason is that public transport has become increasingly unreliable in recent years, not least because many bus and train services have been reduced because of the difficulty in funding them. The third reason is that society has in general become more mobile and this means more people are prepared to commute to work by car than they were before.

If this appears “too simple” for you. You can also look at the structure of my second topic paragraph where I also use more than one reason. The pattern is much the same though. I start by saying that there is more than one point I wish to make.You may want to notice how “also” is a natural linking word.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes. However, one option has to be to improve the reliability of public transport to encourage people to take the bus or the train rather than get in the car. It would also be possible to discourage people from driving to work by introducing special tariffs for using the roads, especially during peak periods. A successful example of this is the congestion charge scheme in London which has certainly reduced the level of traffic in inner-city areas.

Vocabulary

Academic vocabulary

Almost certainly the most useful vocab to focus on in IELTS essays comes from the academic word list. These are words that can be used in ANY essay and the idea is that IELTS essays should be formal in language.

It is undoubtedly the case that urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from congestion. In this essay, I examine the reasons for this trend and suggest some practical policies the authorities could implement to reduce the level of traffic in our cities.

The first step is to understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this. One is that cars have become more affordable for the average consumer and they are no longer a luxury item, but something that most families expect to own. A second reason is that public transport has become increasingly unreliable in recent years, not least because many bus and train services have been reduced because of the difficulty in funding them. The third reason is that society has in general become more mobile and this means more people are prepared to commute to work by car than they were before.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes. However, one option has to be to improve the reliability of public transport to encourage people to take the bus or the train rather than get in the car. It would also be possible to discourage people from driving to work by introducing special tariffs for using the roads, especially during peak periods. A successful example of this is the congestion charge scheme in London which has certainly reduced the level of traffic in inner-city areas.

In conclusion, there are a variety of different factors that have led to rising levels of traffic in urban areas. While it may not be possible to find a complete solution, any action should probably involve encouraging greater use of public transport and making it more expensive for the motorist to drive in urban areas.

Topic vocabulary

You also want, however, to use a good range of topic vocabulary. Here the vocabulary you want falls into these areas:

  • transport
  • cities
  • problem/solution
  • cause
  • general academic language

You should see in the essay that I both vary and repeat language. Varying language is good for range of vocabulary, repetition is good for cohesion.

It is undoubtedly the case that urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from congestion. In this essay, I examine the reasons for this trend and suggest some practical policies the authorities could implement to reduce the level of traffic in our cities.

The first step is to understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this. One is that cars have become more affordable for the average consumer and they are no longer a luxury item, but something that most families expect to own. A second reason is that public transport has become increasingly unreliable in recent years, not least because many bus and train services have been reduced because of the difficulty in funding them. The third reason is that society has in general become more mobile and this means more people are prepared to commute to work by car than they were before.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes. However, one option has to be to improve the reliability of public transport to encourage people to take the bus or the train rather than get in the car. It would also be possible to discourage people from driving to work by introducing special tariffs for using the roads, especially during peak periods. A successful example of this is the congestion charge scheme in London which has certainly reduced the level of traffic in inner-city areas.

In conclusion, there are a variety of different factors that have led to rising levels of traffic in urban areas. While it may not be possible to find a complete solution, any action should probably involve encouraging greater use of public transport and making it more expensive for the motorist to drive in urban areas.

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42 Responses to IELTS traffic essay

  1. kotresh August 16, 2012 at 5:33 pm #

    sir, can we use broadly ‘speaking’ in academic writing? truly speaking your task1 are simply great… that was the area i was facing problem but in my last exam didnt face much problem and managed to get 7 in writing thanks to you and Ryan.

    • Avatar of Dominic Cole
      Dominic Cole August 16, 2012 at 6:55 pm #

      Interesting question. For me it is fine for IELTS, although I may question mark it slightly in pure academic writing. One point I’d make is that the threshold for IELTS is that the register needs to be “formal” – something that is not exactly the same as being “academic”. The second and perhaps more important point is that the register of a piece of writing rarely depends on one word or phrase. In general, for most of your language I’d aim at “neutrality” – language that is neither excessively informal or formal. The point about informal language should be obvious, the point about overly formal language may need a bit of explanation.

      Part of this is that the trend in (British) English is away from very ornate phraseology towards what is generally called “plain English” – if you look at the words in the academic word list for example they are fairly everyday words. As a teacher I sometimes find that I naturally use “simpler’ language than some of my students. The other part of it is that the more formal language is in fact very hard to use because those words tend to have a very precise usage – something that is very hard to learn/teach.

      Oh and well done on your 7!!!

  2. Faizan Bardai August 16, 2012 at 11:32 pm #

    Hello Dominic Cole,

    Your blogs have made me a regular visitor of your site. Thanks for helping everyone out there (including me) preparing for IELTS.

    Before I read your introduction I decided to write one myself just to check whether I was getting the hang of skill required for writing intro. Here it is:

    “One of the major problem faced by large metropolitan is concentrated traffic. There are several causes which may lead to it. But despite that, if certain precautions are employed one can avoid or at least inhibit the said problem.”

    Although I have written few essays’ introduction, this is my first attempt at double question essay.

    • Avatar of Dominic Cole
      Dominic Cole August 17, 2012 at 12:08 am #

      Okay a couple of quick comments. “metropolitan” is an adjective not a noun, you want “metropolises” – though that is an unusual word meaning only the largest cities and the question refers to both towns and cities, so maybe it is not the best word to use. The second point is that it is unwise to start sentences with ‘but” when you are writing more formally – a lot of teachers absolutely hate it when students do this. “However” is the alternative. Also, I’ve just seen that you wrote “one of the major problem”, an easy mistake to make but you want to write “one of the major problemS“.

      • Faizan Bardai August 17, 2012 at 12:31 am #

        Thank you for pointing out these errors. I’ll make sure not to repeat them in future essays.

  3. ZIAUL HUDA August 17, 2012 at 5:40 am #

    HI.
    MR. DOMINIQUE
    Can you pleae comment on my introduction.
    It is true that many mega cities these days largely suffer from increased congestion the world around. This will be proven by looking at the reasons that leads to this problem and also some government policies in order to reduce the level of traffic in urban areas.

  4. Marleni August 17, 2012 at 8:33 pm #

    Dear Dominique,

    Thank you for your help with IELTS.

    Could you please give me some feedback on my introduction?

    It is undeniable that worldwide the increase of traffic is a problem for many countries. In this essay I will discuss the most relevant reasons and suggest actions to help solving this situation.

    • Avatar of Dominic Cole
      Dominic Cole August 17, 2012 at 8:57 pm #

      Be a little careful. Doesn’t the question ask you about traffic in towns and cities? It is not enough to just write about traffic generally and so you want to identify towns and cities in your intro.

      • Marleni August 19, 2012 at 11:17 am #

        Thank you Dominic :)

  5. ladis de chavez August 17, 2012 at 8:46 pm #

    Sir,
    I am a new here at your site,Please check if my introduction will be fine on this question.

    It is common today that most cities and towns throughout the world faced to traffic congestion. There are some reason why this trend apparently happen in both particular areas that we need a certain action to be tackle this problem.

    • Avatar of Dominic Cole
      Dominic Cole August 17, 2012 at 9:05 pm #

      Okay. I don’t have time for detailed feedback but this intro could work structurally. Note a couple of grammar corrections I have made. You try to use some more advanced language such as “trend”. The trouble is that this language can be harder to use as you also need to find the right combination of words. Trends don’t really “happen” and I am not sure what the meaning of “apparently’ is here. For me, it is good to try this language out because you can learn what works by finding out what doesn’t work

      It is common today that most cities and towns throughout the world are faced with traffic congestion. There are some reasons for this trend in both particular areas and action needs to be taken to tackle this problem

  6. ZIAUL HUDA August 19, 2012 at 5:50 am #

    HI Dominique.
    can you please comment on my piece of writing. I know it is vwry difficult for you to check essay for every one. Ony once please.
    In many cities, security measures, such as the use of video cameras in public places, are being increased in order to reduce crime, but some people believe that these measures restrict our individual freedom.
    Do the benefits of increased security outweigh the drawbacks?
    These days, the security has been tightened in several cities in order to reduce the criminal activities. Although some of the security measures limit our freedom. In my view, there are more benefits than drawbacks.
    On the one hand, there are many advantages of using security measures in many public places for controlling the actions of offenders. For example, in many buildings in Hong Kong, Taiwan, surveillance cameras are being used to maintain a record of activities of the people who are coming there for their work. These video camera footages are thought to be constructive evidence for apprehending any offender. Police forces can submit these recordings as an evidence in the court, and as a result of this judge can give the right verdict in time. Thus, it is clear from this example that tight security can prevent to occur any offence. As this shows that increased security can reduce the rate of crime.
    On the other hand, there are some drawbacks to increased security systems as well. These devices violate the freedom and privacy of every one. People have feeling of being watched by others. For example, once a Hollywood actor hugged and kissed her friend on the premier of a movie. The following day, it was on the front page of the news paper, and became breaking news on TV channels. Thus, it can be concluded from this example that video cameras captured these moments, and as a result media made this incident a gossip.
    In conclusion, it has been proven that the increased security systems are a positive aspect to help the society as a whole. My belief is that the benefits of tight security outweigh the disadvantages.

    • Avatar of Dominic Cole
      Dominic Cole August 20, 2012 at 9:15 am #

      I’ve just had a quick look and this looks an excellent essay to me. I’d just say that it is slightly more normal to put the opposite view first and the opinion you agree with second. That way your conclusion links more naturally into the body of your essay by linking to the previous paragraph.

  7. pooja sharma August 19, 2012 at 12:11 pm #

    your blog is truely fantastic and i visit it frequently….the writing sections are markedly adorable and i have got to learn many important strategies…however i find problem with my speaking section and much less has been discussed about it here….it would be a kind gesture if you provide some examples regarding the cue card section as i need to appear for my speaking test in the coming 2 days……hoping for a positive response.thanks

    • Avatar of Dominic Cole
      Dominic Cole August 20, 2012 at 9:03 am #

      I’ll try and get some speaking done in the next two weeks or so. I know your test is just in 2 day’s time and that will be too late, but in truth in the final two day’s I’m not sure that it helps too much to look at sample answers. In the speaking just go in there and speak naturally.

  8. indu August 20, 2012 at 1:45 am #

    take the bus or the train rather than get in the car.

    why is it the train and the bus?
    why not a train or a bus?

    Regarding the article used

    • Avatar of Dominic Cole
      Dominic Cole August 20, 2012 at 8:56 am #

      Okay, I need to do another lesson on articles. They can be surprisingly tricky and they are important because you use them so often. Perhaps the best way to explain “the” is just to say that “take the train” is a set phrase. We can use “the” like this when we are talking about a category of things, The computer was the most important invention of the twentieth century.

      • Anonymous September 19, 2013 at 7:14 pm #

        Thank you somuch for the essay

  9. indu August 22, 2012 at 2:20 am #

    Thank you
    eagerly awaiting for the lesson on ‘articles’

  10. Zahid Masum August 23, 2012 at 1:18 am #

    i am just new user of your blog but i scrutinize your site accordingly i fall in love with dcielts blog! Really it is great and awesome! How great and generous you are!

  11. Marleni August 23, 2012 at 2:35 pm #

    Hi Dominique,

    I have two questions about the writing tasks (Academic IELTS) Re: Band Descriptors.

    a) Task 1/2: Under Band 8, what does it mean “uses paragraphing sufficiently and appropriately”. Does this mean that my paragraphs need to be well organised?

    b) Task 1/2: What does in mean “lack of referencing?

    My exam is in 2 days, I hope you have some time to answer to these questions.

    Thank you,

    Marleni

  12. Anu August 28, 2012 at 9:42 pm #

    Awesome

  13. ign August 28, 2012 at 11:16 pm #

    there are a variety of different factors that have led to rising levels of traffic in urban areas.

    Is it right to use ‘ variety of different factors’

    what is the difference between ‘ variety’ and ‘ different’?

  14. Mel September 9, 2012 at 10:19 pm #

    Hi Dominic,

    Your blog is amazing and it has been a truly resourceful site in preparing for my IELTS exams i’m hoping to do this month.

    Just a one question.

    In the above essay, in the body paragraphs, why haven’t you used the P-E-E method.

    Warm regards,
    mel

    • Avatar of Dominic Cole
      Dominic Cole February 20, 2014 at 7:02 am #

      P_E_E is a good place to start, but it can be varied.

  15. armaydelsatadlip November 3, 2012 at 11:59 am #

    Hello Sir!

    I am now reviewing for my upcoming exam on the 24th of November. Can I ask you a question about the writing test? I have here a topic on writing task 2 and I don’t know how to start my writing with this one. The topic is ” It is important to ensure that children with a wide range of abilities and from a variety of social background mix with each other at school.

    To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    Thank you so much in advance.

  16. deep November 4, 2012 at 7:08 pm #

    Some people prefer to plan activities for their free time very carefully. Others choose not to make any plans at all for their free time. Compare the benefits of planning free-time activities with the benefits of not making plans.
    Which do you prefer – planning or not planning for your leisure time?
    Use specific reasons and examples to explain your choice.
    —————————————————————————————————–

    Free time is a Kind of relaxing time according to all of us and eventually all people have there own way of managing this free time .Many of us love to plan free time which in real help us to elaborate the perfect usage of that time and Many other feel to spend free time with mean of any entertainment not in any organized way .which will in fact make it worst or we can say we shall not achieve the real fun for that leisure time . In this essay discussion along with the relevant Examples are pointed out.

    Many people do Plan a activities before going out for a free time Vacation .It not only help them to keep remember what kind of items they should include in there voyage but also make there trip a memorable one .for instance trip to a place like Kashmir ,which is a very fascinated place to see beside it’s Cold weather organizing a trip to place like this must include a proper kind of warm clothes and kind of shoes which will help them to walk on snow. however ,many hotels and Motels do offer discount for specific season . So it vary to person to person to plan there activity accordingly to be in a safe side .Also it bring a healthy result for the people who organized and planned trip in organized way.

    On other side ,there are a group of a people who rather prefer to plan there free time unplanned which in last, bring them disappointment along with wastage of time and Money .for example on a weekend many people who wants to see some sort of movie in cinema .On reaching the cinema hall they get to know about that the tickets are totally sold out and had to wait for next show so this kind of unplanned trip some how spoil the fun .which they were looking for in the free time

    According to me,if some one had to go outside to spend his/her free time then in my opinion one should make his/her trip well organized other wise sometime this kind of unplanned trips give a negative results which may result in spoilage of Time .Beside that if some one is spending free time in home then it is fine because all the leisure items are already been there in home so no need to plan Hard for that but matter of fact time is very important so even in home one should use it in fruitful manner.

    At last, I would conclude that before any free time activity people should make there use of time in a perfect manner otherwise the result may not bring a positive result .so planning your free time activities is the best recommendation that might bring a desired leisure .

  17. chinchu November 11, 2012 at 5:33 pm #

    Thanks Dominic,it is a wonderful site and we can learn a lot from it

  18. TheIELTSSolution.com December 7, 2012 at 2:24 pm #

    Thanks for the post your site is a great help with those who want to take IELTS.

  19. zelen December 14, 2012 at 7:14 am #

    hi sir, i am seriously facing a problem with my academic essay writing. i couldnt improve my score from 6.5. i need a 7 band score. wat would you suggest for me . fooking forward your reply. pls
    by zelen

  20. rovini January 11, 2013 at 8:47 am #

    its very useful

  21. Khine February 24, 2013 at 1:03 am #

    Thank you Sir…

  22. Sasha April 5, 2013 at 6:42 pm #

    Thank you very much for your help, it’s really exceptional to find something that useful on the web

  23. pushpinder singh August 28, 2013 at 11:18 pm #

    Hello sir, im new at your website and i learn many things its really helpful and i know my English is not too good that`s why if here i will write something wrong then please forgive me. Actually i want to tell you that i just got 5 band in IELTS and i want 7 band. Before i did not know much about English and before i could not make a simple sentence because sir i belong to a small village and i did not get my school education from an English school that`s why my fluently is not good in English but now im too better than before and i know i can do this.Sir i just want to ask you that can get 7 band in just one month. is it possible ? Can anybody get 7 band in ielts in one month. is it possible ?? please sir tell me what i do and give me any suggestion.
    i will be your thankful !!!

  24. anik November 6, 2013 at 9:25 pm #

    Hello Sir,

    I am new here and finding the site really helpful! Many a thanks for all the efforts u r offering for us.

    I am going to sit in the IELTS exam in a few days time. So I think it would be better test my writing skills here. If u have time to look my introductory part that I have written on the given topic and point out the errors and further suggestions if possible, it would be very nice!

    With the ever escalating population and urbanization, cities and towns all over the world are continuously experiencing the baleful consequences of one of the most pressing issues of modern urban life and day-by-day the situation is getting worse. Therefore, this is the high time for taking appropriate initiatives; otherwise we might find ourselves in a state of complete mess from where getting the solution out would turn out to be an extremely hard nut to crack. However, prior to directly move to the solutions, the underlying causes need to be addressed first with proper attention.

  25. Komal November 16, 2013 at 2:39 am #

    Thnx alot

  26. Peter December 8, 2013 at 1:18 pm #

    Hi Dominic Cole

    The ‘city Traffic’ essay is beautiful. However, I don’t understand one grammar point. Could you please explain that for me?

    it is the second sentence in the third paragraph. “However, one option has to be to improve…” I haven’t seen this phrase “has to be to + V ” before. It’s very strange! I think here is a kind of passive sentence????

    Thank you!

    • Avatar of Dominic Cole
      Dominic Cole March 3, 2014 at 4:25 pm #

      Not really. Think of it like this, it means much the same as “One option must be to improve”

  27. navin December 8, 2013 at 8:07 pm #

    Requesting someone to evaluate my essay and give possible feedback.

    Over the last few decades, all business sectors have witnessed enormous growth due to liberalization, privatization and globalization, and one amongst them is automobile sector. This can be clearly seen by mushrooming models of vehicles in roads. However, such growth is raising an alarming concern on increasing traffic, especially in developed cities. The causes of traffic problems and few measures to resolve those problems are discussed throughout this essay.

    Firstly, over the years, people mentality is changed a lot which resulted in redefinition of basic needs. Owing car is now directly linked to the status of people. Adding to this, cars from local as well as foreign brands are available in more affordable price than ever. Furthermore, the consumer purchasing power is much higher with the availability of credit from banks and customized convenient mode of repayment, results in more demands from consumer. Today, people find it easier to buy and maintain the care. Hence, the cheap affordable price, increased purchasing power and pride of owing car are driving the increasing traffic.

    However, regulating the traffic is challenging task ahead the government as the sales cannot be regulated because of its direct link with nation’s economy. One way to deal with such challenge is to increase the tax, which will help to minimize the traffic up to certain level. Also, the infrastructure development offering better and wider road will enhance the traffic system. Last but most important is to develop an effective public transport system for citizen, which discourage the use of personal vehicle. All small steps from administration can result in a huge difference and help in organizing a sound traffic system.

    In a nutshell, after a great deal of deliberation I think, it is never late to face the challenge and be proactive to deal with them. With a joint effort by administration and it citizen, every challenge of current society can be dealt effectively.

  28. Mayuri patel March 3, 2014 at 10:23 am #

    Hi sir, please check my introduction. One of the most controversial issue today relates to congestion, that urban areas around the world increasingly suffer. In this essay, I am going to examine this question from both point of view regarding reasons for this trend and some suggestion to overcome it.

    • Avatar of Dominic Cole
      Dominic Cole March 3, 2014 at 10:52 am #

      I don’t really have time to comment properly but here are one or two suggestions.

      One of the most controversial issue today relates to congestion, something which urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from. In this essay, I am going to [examine this question from both points of view] explain the reasons for this trend and some suggestion to overcome it.

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