Top Tips for IELTS

Hence – IELTS word of the day

Today’s word from the academic word list is

hence

Notes

This is one of the most formal words in the Academic Word List and one that, I believe, needs to be used with extreme care. Very often your writing will be better for using “plainer” language that is easier for the reader to understand. Put another way, the word is increasingly “old-fashioned” and it looks strange unless the rest of your writing is similarly formal.

It is most often used as an adverb to start a sentence or clause and show a connection with what you have just written. Used in this way it is similar in meaning to thus/therefore

hence = for this reason = therefore

This is a usage that I do not personally recommend. Look at this sentence

Many governments have failed to invest in education; hence standards in schools are falling.

My personal preference would be for

The falling standards in schools has been caused by the governments’ failure to invest in education

or

The failure of governments to invest in education has led to the fall in standards in many schools

Why do I prefer these? The causal connection is much clearer. The language is clearer.

hence = from now

This is a slightly different (and more accurate) usage. Look at these examples:

five years hence

This means the same as

in five years time

   

Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of my site

Home page

Speaking Guide

Writing Guide

Essay writing guide

Academic task 1 guide

Letter writing guide

Reading guide

Listening guide

IELTS vocabulary

IELTS grammar

Keep up with me on Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there

   

Or just get all my free lessons by email

Subscribe to DC IELTS by Email

2 Responses to Hence – IELTS word of the day

  1. mahdi March 13, 2013 at 6:02 pm #

    more example please

    • Dominic Cole March 14, 2013 at 12:29 pm #

      Okay. I will be updating my word of the series. Thank you for the feedback.

Leave a Reply